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    Tuesday, April 5, 2016

    Ruwanweliseya, Anuradhapura Stupa

    ksy~ ?g rejkaje,s uyd iEfhka wefik úYañ; Yío mQcdj ^ùäfhda&

    m%d;syd¾h hkak fn!oaO ckhdg kqmqreÿ ke;' wE; b;sydih .;a;;a" uE; hq.h .;a;;a fkdfhla fokd ÿgq m‍%d;syd¾hhka" úYañ; foa" woaN+; isÿùï .ek wikakg ,efí' we;eï wh fujeks foa oel uy;a i;=gg m;afj;s' iuyre nhg m;a fj;s' ;j;a wh mqÿu M<j;s' flfia fyda fõjd b|ysg weig yiqjk fujeks foa f,dalfha ke;ehs lsj fkdyel'

    nqÿrcdKka jykafia wjia:d lsSmhla huduy fm<yr mEy' ta ÿgq mD:.ackfhda úYauh t<ejQy'

    YÍrfhka uy;a jQ .sks cd,d msglrñka" uyd Èh l|ka msglrñka m‍%d;syd¾h olajk fï ukqIHhd ljqo@

    we;eïyq is;+y' nqÿrcdKka jykafia uyshx.kfha§ fm<yr mE wjia:dfõ§ hlaIhka ta oel ysia Æ Æ w; ÈjQ nj lshefõ' fï ;=<ska wmg oefkk úfYaIu foh kï ta jkúg lsisfjla fujeks wmQrejQ;a ìh bmfok m‍%d;syd¾hhla oel fkd;sîuh'

    hlaI f.da;‍%slhka fm<yr oelSfukau oukh jQ nj uyshx.kh mQrdKh ne,Sfï§ wmg fmfka' nqÿrcdKka jykafia tjeks uy;a jQ m‍%d;syd¾hka mEfï yelshdj ;snqK;a Wkajykafia ta m‍%d;syd¾hh mEu lf<a wjia:d lsSmhl§ muKla nj fn!oaO b;sydih yodroa§ fmfka' tjeks m‍%d;syd¾hhka mEfï Yla;sh nqÿrcdKka jykafiag ,enqfKa Wkajykafia úiska ÈhqKq lr .;a [dK iuqodfha m‍%;sM,hla jYfhks'

    OHdk wd§ úúO {dk wx. ÈhqKq lr .;a we;eï ry;ka jykafia,d o ;ukag yels mu‚ka m‍%d;syd¾h Yla;Ska ÈhqKq lr .;ay' kuq;a m‍%d;syd¾hh mEu w;HdjYHu fudfyd;l yer fkdlrk f,i nqÿrcdKka jykafia Y‍%djl ix>hdg wkqoek jod<y' thg fya;=j fï m‍%d;syd¾hka olsk mD:.ackhd th ñïula fldg f.k úúO jQ ia:djrhkays me<mÈhï jk ksidfjks' we;eï mD:.ackhkag O¾udjfndaOh fkd,nd m‍%d;syd¾hh muKla ,eîfï jqjukdj we;sfõ'

    iuyrekag thskau fjk;a ,dN m‍%fhdack ,nd.; yel' foajo;a; ia:úrhka ry;a fkdù mxp wNs{d ,enQ ksid Wkajykafia mD:.ackhkaf.a ,dN m‍%ido ,enQ wdldrh O¾ufha úia;r fõ'

    fujeks jQ fya;=ka ksid m‍%d;syd¾hh mEu nqÿrcdKka jykafia úiskau nqoaOdjjdohla f,i  ¾‍Kw;HjYH fudfyd;l˜ yer m‍%d;syd¾h fkdmdk f,i foaYkd fldg jodrd we;' ta wkqj nqÿka jykafia;a" ry;ka jykafia,d;a msß‚jka md jod<;a Wkajykafiaf.a Od;+ka talrdYS jQ ;efkl hï hï m‍%d;syd¾hhka b|ysg kuq;a isÿ fkdfj;ehs lsj fkdyel'

    fï iïnqÿ iiqk mkaoyila l,a mj;sk nj nqoaO foaYkdjhs' ta mkaoyiska ;ju;a f.ù we;af;a yß wfvls' fï wjqreÿ mkaoyi uq¿,af,au nqoaO foaYkdj" nqoaO wK f,dj mj;S' thska o ,xldoaùmfha nqoaO Ydikh msysgk nj;a isxy, foaYh /ql.kakd f,i;a nqÿrcdKka jykafia msß‚jka uxplfha § iC% foúhkag wkqoek jod<y' iC% foúfhda ,xld§mh /ql .ekSfï j.lSu ;u foaj iNdfõ isá úIaKq foajrdchkag mejrE nj lshefõ' nqÿka jykafia fojqrï fjfyr jev jioa§;a" fjk;a fjfyr úydrj, jev jioa§;a Wkajykafia jev jikd ;ekg uy;a jQ wdf,dal Odrd úysÿjdf.k ueÈhï /qfha foúhka jevu l< nj úia;r fõ' úfYaIfhka foúhka meñK nqÿrcdKka jykafiaf.ka m‍%Yak úpd, wdldrh;a" foúhka meye§ug m;ajQ wdldrh;a" foúhkag l< iQ;‍% foaYkdjla O¾ufhys úia;r fõ' ta wkqj foaj iNdj ksr;=rej nqÿrcdKka jykafia jevisá ;ekg jevu l< wdldrh .ek fn!oaO idys;Hfha iEu ;ekaysu úia;r fõ'

    nqÿka jykafiaf.a msßksùfuka miqj Od;=ka jy,afia,d nqoaOdjjdoh wkqj fn§ .sfhah'

    tfia fn§ .sh Y‍%S i¾j{ Od;+ka jykafia,df.ka jeäu fldgila oeka jev isákafka ,xldoaùmfhah' ta jev isák Od;+ka jykafia,dg kshu mqo i;aldr flfrk mQckShu foaYh ,xldj nj meyeÈ,sj lsj yelsh'

    thg tl WodyrKhla fuys ;nuq' miq.shod uf.a ñ;=frla bkaÈhdfõ ixpdrh l< wjia:dfõ lms,jia;= Od;+ka ne,Sug bkaÈhdfõ fl!;=ld.drhla fj; f.dia we;' tys fldgil lms,jia;= Od;= ;sfhk wdldrh oel ñ;=rd mqÿu ù we;' tu lms,jia;= Od;=j ,xldjg jevu l< wjia:dfõ oel n,d .ekSug fkdyels úYd, fmda,sula ;snqKq yeá wmg u;lh'

    fï ksid f,dalfha ienEu O¾uoaùmh ,xldj njg Bg jvd idOl Wjukd ke;'

    tneúka mkaoyila l,a Y‍%S i¾j{Od;= rlsk ,xldoaùmfha ta Od;=ka msysá ;ekaj, úYañ; foa isÿùu wreuhla ke;' nqÿrcdKka jykafia msß‚jka uxplfha § ,xldoaùmh rlskakg foaj iNdjg Ndr§u ;=<u foúhka Y‍%S i¾j{ Od;=ka jev isák ;ekg jevu ùuo wreuhla ke;' Ôjudk nqÿ ysñhka ke;s l, oeka wmg Ôjudk nqoaO r;akh jkafka Y‍%S i¾j{ O;=ka jykafia,dh' ta i¾j{ Od;=ka jik ;ek úúO jQ m‍%d;syd¾hhka mej;Su" foúhka uy;a jQ wdf,dal oyrd úysÿjd f.k jevu ùu" wd§ oyia .Kkla weig yiqjk yiq fkdjk mqÿu iy.; foa isoaO úh yel'

    fn!oaO b;sydih iu. C%ñlj wdmiaig toa§ th wm úiska .eUqßka f;areï .; hq;= ldrKhla jkafkah'

    Y‍%S i¾j{ Od;= wyig mek ke. nqÿrej uejqKq wjia:d lSmhla b;sydi l;djkays úia;r fõ'

    thska tl wjia:djla jkafka wkqrdOmqr :Qmdrdufha ol=Kq wl= Od;=ka jykafia ;ekam;a lsÍug iquk idufkarhka úiska f.keú;a foajdkïmsh;siai rcqg ndr ÿka wjia:dfõ ol=Kq wl= Od;=j wyig mek ke. nqoaO rEmh ueù m‍%d;syd¾hh mEuhs' thskau rcq is; iel ÿreù Od¾ñl m‍%S;sfhka mskd .sh nj;a" ish,af,da nqÿka irK .sh nj;a úia;r fõ' fï ol=Kq wl= Od;=j tod uy;a mQfcdamydr uOHfha :Qmdrdu ffp;Hfha ;ekam;a flßK'

    oekg uq¿ f,dalfhau nqÿrcdKka jykafiaf.a jeäu Od;= m‍%udKhla talrdYS ù we;s tlu ;ek iaj¾Kud,S ffp;Hhs' rejkaje,s uyd iEhhs' øෝKhla muK Od;=ka rejkaje,s iE .¾Nfha ksoka fldg we;s nj úia;r fõ' tneúka nqoaO YÍrfha úYd, fldgila /q£ we;s ft;sydisl mskaìu rejkaje,s uy iEhhs' t;ek Ôjudk nqÿka jykafia jev isákjd jka ye`.Sula wo;a f,daljdiS ish¿ fn!oaOhkag mj;S'

    ;:d.;hka jykafia Ôjudkj oUÈj jev isáoa§ Wkajykafia jeäu ld,hla Èjd rd;‍%S úyrKh flf<a ieje;akqjr foõrï fjfyf¾h' kuq;a nqoaO mßks¾jdKfhka miqj ta f,djq;=rd nqÿka jykafia Ôjudk jkaj jevjik wiydh mskaìu ,laÈj iaj¾Kud,S uyd ffp;Hhhs' ta nj u;= f,dj olsk kqj‚ka ye¢k nqÿysñfhda foaj iNdjg oekqï ÿkay' tmuKla fkdj f.!;u iïnqÿ Ydikh mkaoyila f.ùfuka ksudjkafka hï Èfklo todg iaj¾Kud,S ìug ish¿ i¾j{Od;= talrdYSù wyfia nqÿ rEmhla ueù m‍%d;syd¾h isÿjk nj nqoaO wêIaGdkhla yeáhg fn!oaO fmd;mf;a úia;r fõ' tjeks wisßu;a mqKH N+ñhla f,i fn!oaO fmd;m; mqrdu fï rejkaje,s uy iE mska ìu úia;r fõ'

    tjeks ft;sydisl mqKH N+ñhl f,daljdiS fn!oaOfhda jkaokdudk lrk ;ekl" tod fojqrï fjfyr jkaj wo nqÿ ysñhka jev jik rejkaje,s uy iEfha fld;rï úYañ; foa m‍%d;syd¾h Yla;Ska isÿfõo@ weig fmfkk weig fkdfmfkk foa fndfyduhls'

    wmg yef`.k yeáhg" øෝKhla i¾j{ Od;= we;s fï mskaìfï hï hï nqoaO m‍%d;syd¾hka ;sfhkakg mq¿jk' ry;a Od;= fï ia:dkhg jäkakg mq¿jk' tod fojqrï fjfyrg nqÿysñhka olskakg oUÈj i;r È.aNd.fhka NslaIq NslaIq˜ Wmdil Wmdisldfjda meñ‚hy' ry;a NslaIq NslaIq‚hka jevu l<y' Wkajykafia,d msßksjka md we;;a ta Od;=ka jykafia,d wo iaj¾Kud,S mqKH N+ñhg fkdjákjd hehs wmg lsj fkdyel'

    :Qmdrdufha ol=Kq wl= Od;= ksoka l< o wl= Od;=j wyig mek ke.S nqÿ rej uejqkdla fuka" iaj¾Kud,S N+ñhg tod ießhq;a uq.,ka uyd ldYHm" wdkkao" wkqreoaO" rÜGmd," wx.=,sud,' iSj,S" pq,a,mka:l wd§ uyry;a Od;=ka wyiska jevu lsÍu tu uyry;a rEm ueù Ôjudk nqÿysñhka fuka jev isák ia:dkh jkaokd lsÍu jeks ldrKd iïmQ¾Kfhka neyer l< fkdyel'

    B<`.g ukqIH f,dalhg wjqreÿ oyia .Kkla hkq ÈjH f,dalhg we;eïúg ojils' meh lSmhls' ÈjH f,dalfha ojil ld,h ta id §¾>h' ta wkqj tod nqÿrdcKka jykafiaf.kau nK weiQ foúhkag wo olajdjQ ld,h tl ojila fuks' b;du iq¿ lf,ls' ,laÈj wdrlaId lrkakehs iC% foúhkaf.ka nqÿysñhka l< b,a,Su Tyqg b;du iq¿ lf,ls' fï ksid nqÿrcdKka jykafiaf.ka nK weiQ foúfhda Wkajykafia jev isák ;ekg tod fuka t<s úysÿjdf.k tauo b;du idudkH ldrKhls'

    fujeks jQ wdYap¾hu;a fndfyda foa wkqrdOmqrfha rejkaje,s" :Qmdrduh" chY‍%Suyd fndaêh wjg ks;r isÿúh yelsh' tneúka mQckSh wkqrdOmqr wdYap¾hu;a isÿùï .ek ,shkakg wms l,amkd lf<uq' ta fndfyda ;ekaj, b;sydih iu. j¾;udkh .,md f;dr;=re ,nd fokakg wms W;aidy lruq'

    wkqrdOmqf¾ Ôj;a jk úY‍%dñl uyje,s ixj¾Ok ks,OdÍ udñ‚hdfõ b,x.isxy ^71& uy;d wmg fï iïnkaOj fndfyda l;d lSfõh' Tyq iïnkaO lr .ekSug Rcqj wmg Wmldr lf<a rejkaje,s uyd iEh ffp;Hdrdudêm;s" kqjr l,dúfha m‍%Odk ix>kdhl m,af,a.u fyaur;k kdysñfhdah'
    uu mqxÑ b;sydi l;djlska mgka .kakï' w.afnda rc;=ud rejkaje,s uyd iEhg úYd, mqo mQcdjla' mskalula lr, ;sfhkjd' t;=ud mqo fmryßka ffp;H jgd .syska ;sfhkafk Yío mQcd ke;sjhs' tfyu fmryf¾ hk whg fyaúis fydrKE iys;j úYd, Yío mQcdjla ffp;H u¿fjka wefykak mgka wrka' fmryerg hk w;fr rc;=ud weú;a u¿fõ weúo .syska ;sfhkjd' rc;=ud Yío mQcdj wefyk foigu .shd' tydg hkak hkak fyaúis" fydrKE Yíoh jeähs' fï Yíoh wefykafk rejkaje,s iEh we;=f<ka' rc;=ud tl ;eklg hoa§ ffp;Hfha we;=<g hdyels mßÈ fodrgqjla újD; fj,d ;sì,d ;sfhkjd' rc;=ud rdclShhka lsysm fofkl= iu. ffp;Hh we;=<g .syska' tys§ oelmq fohska rc;=ud úYauhg m;afj,d'

    ffp;Hh we;=< ÈjH úudkhla jf.a ,iaikhs' ta jf.au yß iqj|hs' iqj| l=áhla jf.a' rkajka mdg wdf,dal Odrd t<sfhka nenf<kjd' fudllao fï' øෝKhla muK jQ Y‍%S i¾j{ Od;=kag mQcdjla' rc;=ud fï Od;=ka jykafia,d oel,d ;sfhkjd' ta jf.au rc;=ud fyaúis fydrKE lKavdhu jf.au ry;a yduqÿrejre idÿldr fok jkaokdudk lrk ñksiaiq o¾Ykh fj,d ;sfhkjd' we;a;gu fï foa w.afnda rc;=udg;a fmr b;sydifha isÿ fjkak we;s' ta foa t;=udg ;uka lrk ,o uyd mskalu wdYs¾jdohla fldg f.k o¾Ykh jqKd' fï l;dj b;sydi fmd;aj, ;sfhkjd'

    ta jf.au wfma w;a;mamd ug mqxÑ ldf,§ óg iudk ;j l;djla lsõjd'

    rejkaje,s iEh tl hq.hl yßhg le,E jeú,d .rdjeá,d ;snqKfk' miq.sh ldf, ffp;H j¾;udk ;;a;ajhg m‍%;sixialrKhg uQ,sl jqfKa kdrxúg yduqÿrefjda' fmd;mf;a ;sfhk yeáhg b;du ffO¾h iïmkak jkjdi NslaIqjla' w;a;mamd lsõj yeáhg fï kdrxúg yduqÿrefjda fõ,a fol ;=k wdydr fkdj<|d b;du ÿIalr úÈyghs rejkaje,s iEh m‍%;sixialrKhg odhl fj,d ;sfhkafka' ta ldf,a ffp;H f.dvk.kak" wjg msßisÿ lrkak le;s" Wo¿ñá f.k;a ;sfhkafk kqjr l,dúfh .ïj,ska' .fvdÆ;a tfyuhs' ñksiaiq fndfydau Wojq l<dh lshkjfk'

    ta ldf, rejkaje,s iEh m‍%;sixialrKh lroaÈ fï Yío mQcdj ks;r weiqKq nj w;a;mamd lshkjd' yenehs Yíoh wefykjd ú;rhs' uyd yçka fnr .ykjd' fydrKE msôkjd' fudllao fï… Od;=ka jykafia,dg f;ajdj isoaO flfrkjd'

    fï foaj,a wjqreÿ oyia .dKla tl È.g rejkaje,s iEfh isoaO jqKq foaj,a' fï wÆ;a m‍%;sixialrKfhka miafi ffp;Hh we;=<g hkak neß jqKdg tod rejkaje,s iEh ;=<g ñksiaiq .shd lshkjfk' we;=f<È øෝKhla Od;= oelald lshkjfk' fï ia:dkj, ld jeÿKq foaj,a ;ju;a fodaxldr fokjd' oeka Th jy, odmq md¿ f.orlg hkak' ta f.or ñksiaiq l,ska ysgmq ;ekla kï ta f.a we;=f< l;dlrkjd cfk,a jykjd" w;=.dkjd fï jf.a Yío wefykjd' tajd wms i,lkafka fodaxldr úÈyg' biaflda,j,;a @g fkdfhla Yío ;sfhkjfk'

    fï úÈyg wjqreÿ oyia .dKla ffp;H we;=f< Yío mQcd mj;ajmq" f;ajd y`v wog;a wefykjd'

    rd;‍%s ld,fha uy iE u¿fjka lsisu Yíohla ke;sj jdäfj,d bkak fldg fï Yío mQcdj iuyrekag wefykjd' weyqKq wh bkakjd' ñksiaiq mqÿu fj,d idÿldr fokjd'

    uy mQcd mj;ajkak ÿr wE; m<d;aj,ska ñksiaiq tkjfk' ta wh fkdfhla fkdfhla mQcd isoaO lrkjd' ta fj,djg uy iEhg uy mQcdjla nj oefkk fldg fï Yío mQcd bfíu wefykak mgka .kakjd' yenehs b;du msßisÿj mú;‍%j isÿúh hq;=hs' lsisu flfkla ls<sáj bkak nE' ls<sá ;ekaj,g foú foaj;djka jäkafka kE' rejkaje,s iEhg mQcd mj;ajoa§ Yío mQcd y~ .¾nfhka wefyk tlla' fïjd ;uhs úYañ; foaj,a' fïjd fjkafk fldfyduo@ úh yelso lsh,d iuyre m‍%Yak lrkak mq¿jka' kuq;a ta m‍%Yakj,ska Tíng .sh wisßu;a wkqiia'

    wkqrdOmqrfha § wmg yuqjQ .=Kmd, uy;d ^fla' w,aúia uy;d& 1940 oYlfha isg mQcd N+ñh wjg Ôj;a jkafkls' Tyq ish w;aoelSï úia;r lrk w;f¾ kdrxúg yduqÿrejka .ek hula lSfõh'

    kdrxúg yduqÿrefjda rejkaje,s iEh uq,skau oelafl .rd jegqKq mia f.dvla úÈyg' kuq;a fï uyd iEh nj Wkajykafia y÷kdf.k ffp;H kej; f.dv k.kak ma,Eka tl fyõjd' f.hla yeÿj;a uy;a;fhda ie,eiaula ;sfhkjfka' tfyu u¿j mqrdu Wkajykafia rejkaje,s iEfha ie,iqu fydhd .kak uykais fjkfldg u¿fj .,l fldg, ffp;Hfha ie,eiau ,eì,d ;sfhkjd' fï l;d wms mqxÑ ikaÈfh wymq tajd' ta ie,iqug wkqj ;uhs uy iEh wdmiq f.dv ke.=fKa' tfyu ke;sj wdjdg .shdg fkdfjhs' miafi fï kdrxúg yduqÿrefjd rejkaje,s iEh ffp;Hdrdudêm;s Oqrhg;a m;ajqKd lsh, lshkjd' yenehs Wkajykafia jkjdi NslaIqjla f,ihs ms<s.efkkafk'

    tod wkqrdOmqf¾ úiQ mer‚hka lshk fï l;d wo we;eïúg b;sydih ;=<ska uelS .sh tajdh' kuq;a ta uelS .sh f;dr;=re iu. úYañ; wisßu;a f;dr;=re /ila bÈß ,smsj,ska wkqrmqf¾ mer‚hka w;ßka t<shg tkq we;'

    rejkaje,s iEh" chY‍%S uyd fndaêh kuÈk úYañ; wdf,dal oyrd wkqrdOmqrfha mQcd ìu fjfik we;euqkag wÆ;a ke;' rd;‍%s cdufha uy iE uy fnda j¢kakg tk úYd, jQ ks,a yd r;= wdf,dal Odrdjka l=ula o@


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    Item Reviewed: Ruwanweliseya, Anuradhapura Stupa Rating: 5 Reviewed By: Tharindu Madhawa Dayananda
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